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There was a computer.
There were terminals.
There were users.
… and the users had freedom.
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to learn and modify for yourself.
to copy and share.
to modify and share modified versions.
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They built licensing walls.
By separating the software from the computer.
Who Invented Licensing?
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As the majority of hobbyists must be aware, most of you steal your software. … [If] software is something to share … You prevent good software from being written.
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Job at MIT’s AI lab in late 1970s and early 1980s.
Programming their PDP–10!
In the Golden Age.
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patents == $$$
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spin-offs == $$$
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Changes the world.
For the user of individual computers.
How does it do this?
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Most software uses a contract EULA.
Copyright, which governs software anyway, can do this.
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GPL doesn’t operate on its own.
It’s a legal framework.
Most people are good; they follow the spirit of the law.
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Well, you don’t build a community.
One grows when the water’s fine.
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Proprietary relicensing (by holding all copyright).
GPL enforcement with profit as its primary (and only?) goal.
MySQL would shake down GPL users to buy proprietary licenses they didn’t need.
I wish I’d identified this as corruption sooner.
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MySQL AB, Bought by Sun, then both by Oracle.
Forked by multiple communities.
Most thriving one doesn’t require assignment to a company.
But it’s named Drizzle.
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Trademark is legal system that governs names.
Often the name stays with whoever controlled it first commercially.
New communities form new names (e.g., Drizzle).
Ultimately this rarely matters.
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(Q&A at 35:17)
Copyright © 2008, 2009, 2010, 2011 Bradley M. Kuhn.
These slides, this talk, and audio/video recordings thereof are licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported License.